Turkey at A Glance

Official Name of Country

Republic of Turkey

Capital City

Ankara

Government

Parliamentary Democracy

Population

76.6 million (2013)

Labor Force (Population)

28.8 million (2013)

Median Age

30.1 (2013)

Official Language

Turkish

President

Abdullah Gul

Prime Minister

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Area

783,562.38 km²

Coordinates

39° 55′ North, 32° 50′ East

Time Zone

GMT +2

Neighboring Countries

Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia

Major Cities (Population)

Istanbul (14.1 million), Ankara (5 million), Izmir (4 million), Bursa (2.7 million), Antalya (2.1 million) (2013)

Climate

Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters

Telephone Code

+90

Country Code Top-Level Domain

.tr

Electricity Voltage

220 V, 50 Hz

Currency

Turkish Lira (TRY)

Financial Center

Istanbul

GDP

USD 820 billion (2013-Current Prices)

GDP Per Capita

USD 10,782 (2013)

Exports Value

USD 152 billion (2013)

Imports Value

USD 251 billion (2013)

Tourism Revenue

USD 32.3 billion (2013)

Tourist Number

39.2 million (2013)

Foreign Direct Investment

USD 12.9 billion (2013)

Number of Companies with Foreign Capital

36,450 (2013)

Inflation Rate

7.5% (CPI-2013)

Major Exports Markets

Germany (9%); Iraq (7.8%); UK (5.8%); Russia (4.6%); Italy (4.4%); France (4.2%); USA (3.7%); UAE (3.3%); Spain (2.8%); Iran (2.4%) (2013)

Major Imports Sources

Russia (9.9%); China (9.8%); Germany (9.6%); Italy (5.1%); USA (5%); Iran (4.1%); Switzerland (3.8%); France (3.2%); Spain (2.5%); India (2.5%) (2013)

Trade Agreements

  • Customs Union Agreement with the EU
  • Free Trade Agreements with Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, Croatia, EFTA member countries (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein), Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, South Korea, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Palestine, Serbia, Syria, Tunisia

Traffic Flow

Right